BiOS is a new initiative of CAMBIA to extend the metaphor and concepts of open source software and distributive innovation to biology. We are adapting licensing and distributive collaboration support aspects of the open source movement to enhance accessibility and wide capability to use patented technology, life sciences knowhow and materials. The BIOS initiative will foster democratic innovation in the application of biological technologies, through the merging of: - intellectual property informatics and analysis - innovation system structural reform - cooperative open access technology development activities